Recommendations by Country

This page provides general information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (

For more information, please check with a healthcare professional.

Disease Information

Cholera is an acute bacterial, intestinal infection caused by toxigenic vibrio cholera.

Hepatitis A
Disease of the liver spread through contaminated food and water or contact with an infected person. All those travelling to regions with a risk of hepatitis A infection should get vaccinated.

Hepatitis B
Disease of the liver spread through blood or other bodily fluids. Travellers who may be exposed (e.g. through sexual contact, medical treatment, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture or occupational exposure) should get vaccinated.

Japanese encephalitis
Japanese encephalitis is a viral disease transmitted by mosquitos that may cause inflammation of the membranes around the brain.

Disease spread through mosquito bites. Symptoms usually appear within in 7-30 days but can take up to one year to develop. Symptoms include high fevers, shaking chills, and flu-like illness. Without treatment, malaria can cause severe illness and even death.

Meningococcal disease
Invasive Meningococcal Disease (IMD) is a serious bacterial infection caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis. The bacteria can invade the body causing serious illness – like meningitis. It can also cause septicemia – an infection of the bloodstream.

Disease caused by the poliovirus, it is a highly contagious illness that can spread easily from person to person. The virus enters the body through mouth, mainly from food or water that is contaminated with feces.

Deadly Illness spread to humans through a bite, scratch, or lick from an infected animal. Vaccination should be considered for travelers who have a high risk of exposure (i.e. close contact with animals, occupational risk and children).

Typhoid fever
Bacterial infection spread by contaminated food or water. Travellers visiting regions with typhoid risk, especially those exposed to places with poor sanitation should speak to a health care provider about vaccination.

Yellow fever
Disease caused by a flavivirus from the bite of an infected mosquito. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify entry requirements.